The number of people suffering from eating disorders is increasing day by day and women as well as men are suffering from this disorder. Initially, it was believed that more women tend to suffer from these eating orders as compared to men, but the recent studies and statistics suggest that even men are suffering from eating disorders. If we take into consideration the increasing number of people who are the patients of eating disorders, we have to admit that efforts have to be made to offer constructive help to such people.
Types of eating disorders
- Anorexia Nervosa
- Bulimia Nervosa
- Binge eating disorder
- Eating disorder otherwise not specified
Out of these eating disorders, we are going to talk about Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa in this article. There are many reasons why men and women suffer from these eating disorders, but before we understand the reasons behind these disorders, we have to know how to recognize the symptoms of the eating disorders.
In this eating disorder, the person is afraid of gaining weight, and therefore the man or the woman try to limit the food intake and such patients may take this limit to extremes so that they even go without food. Their perception about their body image is very unrealistic.
In this type of eating disorder, the patients are afraid of weight gain and are not happy with their body shape or body size and type. To ensure that they do not gain weight, these patients try repeated cycles of binge eating and vomiting.
The men and women who suffer from Anorexia and Bulimia can be treated, and they can resume their normal life, but the patients and the family of the patients have to have patience as these treatments take time and results may not be seen in a short period.
Treatment for Anorexia and Bulimia
The treatment for the above-mentioned eating disorders is done in two ways.
Psychotherapy is an important part of the treatment because most of the time the reasons for Anorexia and Bulimia are psychological. Many people are not equipped to handle the social pressure or peer pressure that compels them to look good and slim all the time, and this may result in these disorders. There are also some genetic and social causes which can be the reasons for such eating disorders. The Psychotherapy can help them to control their emotions so that they so get trapped into the vicious circle again. Medication is helpful up to a certain extent as the antidepressants given to these patients may benefit to help them keep their emotions under control.
Recovering from these eating disorders is not easy as there is always a danger of a relapse of the same and that is why it is very necessary to pay attention to the recovery process. The patients have to understand and accept that they have a problem and they need help to get rid of the same. They should keep in touch with the professionals even after the treatment so that they can ask for help if they are afraid of a relapse.